RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT 2005
The Department of Personnel and Training initiated the right to information act, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions in 2005 by the Indian government to share information with every citizen. It was replaced by the Freedom to Information Act, 2002. It enhances the timely response to the request made by any citizen regarding government activities and related information. It came into force on 12th October 2005, the 12th day of its enactment on 15th June 2005. Nowadays, how to file RTI offline is a big question, and no one uses it.
Central Information Commission and State Information Commission are constituted by the Central Government and respective State Government. Once the request is received, then the response should be made within 30 days. While considering the petitioner's life and liberty, it might take 48 hrs. The penalty for refusal to receive the request for information or failure to provide information is 250/- rupees per day, but the total penalty amount should not exceed 25000/- rupees. There is different RTI application format.
The main objectives of the RTI Act are,
- To empower every citizen by promoting transparency and accountability in work done by the government.
- Another objective is to avoid corruption and make democracy work for the people in an absolute sense.
- Every citizen should be informed about each government activity.
- This act also needs every public to computerized their records to minimize the recourse during the request for information.
- It is to execute accountability and ensure transparency in implementing new schemes and policies by the government authorities.
- According to this act, any citizen can seek public authority information and can also inspect the documents.
STEPS INVOLVED FOR REQUESTING RTI
- Open RTI online portal using the link https://rtionline.gov.in/
- You can see the various information regarding the RTI act of the Indian government and notifications on the home page
- Click the Submit Request tab that appears on the top of the webpage.
- On clicking the tab, a page is opened with a list of guidelines to use the RTI online portal. Read all the guidelines carefully to make the request correctly. There are around 20 points provided in the policies. There are many documents required for RTI application.
- Once you read the guidelines, click the check box that appears at the bottom of the list, confirming that you have read and understood all the guidelines provided. Then click the submit button.
- This will open the online RTI Request form page, where you can fill in the required details in the prescribed column to make a request. The mark * denotes the mandatory field while the others are optional.
- Initially, details of the public authority are entered, and then the applicant's list of personal information is filled. Applicants will receive the SMS alert if they provide their phone number.
- Once the personal details are provided, then Request details are entered. You need to select the Indian citizen and then choose 'Yes' from the drop-down list if you are an applicant below the poverty line. You need to provide the BPL card number, year of issue, and issuing authority of the BPL card. (No RTI fee is paid by the applicant who is below the poverty line).
- You can type the text for the RTI application in the text box, which should not exceed 3000 characters. If you want to provide more than 3000 words, you can upload the request in the form of a document or another other format and make the state's attachment.
- Once you filled all the required fields, then you can click the Make payment option at the bottom to proceed for payment or the Reset option to clear all fields to default. For non-BPL applicants, the fee for the application is 10/- rupees. It can be done by net banking and credit or debit card payments.
- Submit option will appear for the applicant who chooses Yes for the BPL applicant to proceed further.
- On submission of the application, a Unique Register number is generated for each applicant, which can be used for future reference purposes.
- The applicant will get an email or SMS alert about their successful submission of the request.
This application will reach the concerned department's office, which will transfer the application to the concerned CPIO. Status can be checked using the unique registration number in the RTI portal.
POSSIBILITIES OF REJECTION
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Rejection of RTI application can be done in several ways as follows,
- The application got rejection if the applicant falls within the exemption clauses of the RTI act.
- Suppose the requested information is already published for the prior request. Still, you can claim the authority to direct the information source.
- Some law allows the rejection of applications, as the applicant made repeated request for the same issue. The rejection notice with sufficient information regarding the rejection is sent to the applicant.
RTI request denotes the initial process to make an application to RTI. In which request made by an applicant and to the authority whom they seek for the information. This process involves the citizen and the Public Information Officer (PIO). Only two persons are involved and directly with each other.
The authority provides the necessary information to the applicant. If the applicant is not satisfied with the knowledge or has further queries, they can opt for RTI Appeal.
RTI appeal is handled by the senior officer against the decision of PIO, who provided irrelevant or unsatisfying information to the applicant. Here the third person is involved between citizen and PIO.
How to make first RTI appeal?
- Click the Submit First Appeal option that appeared on the home page of the RTI website.
- Read the list of guidelines for making your appeal are provided and click the check box and submit the option to proceed with the application.
- Online RTI first appeal from the screen will appear; the applicant needs to enter the RTI request registration number, email id, and security code in the form and click the submit option.
- Online RTI appeal form will be displayed. In which an applicant can select the reason for the appeal for the drop-down list.
- Type the text in the text box provided in the application form and should not exceed 3000 characters. Click the submit option, and there is no payment required for the first appeal.
- The unique registration number for the appeal is generated, and it can be used for future reference and reviews.
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